Artificial reef construction has evolved from the 1970s when a variety of unstable waste materials were used. The latest innovation is concrete "reef balls" that can be specifically designed to encourage oysters, soft corals, specific fish, or juvenile fish.
Florida is one of two states that allow creation of artificial reefs by private persons or groups. Permits and funding are handled by several agencies including the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, and the United States Army Corps of Engineers. The state's artificial reef section disperses around $600,000 every year to support artificial reef projects around the state.
Sites for artificial reefs are selected through a process and are constructed in accordance with state and federal guidelines. To learn more about location selection, materials for and construction of artificial reefs in Volusia County and other near-coastal waters visit: Florida Reefs - Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Reef locations are provided in both Loran and Latitude/Longitude coordinates. They also can be located by following a compass heading for a set distance (in nautical miles) from a known location in a pass.